The fact that Russian weapons protect the US military and its NATO allies deployed in the UAE appears to be symbolic against the background of improving Russia-US relations. The US President has said he would welcome cooperation between America and Russia in the fight against the Islamic State group. Russia and Turkey – a NATO member – are delivering joint air strikes against Islamic State militants in the Al Bab area. Both countries are partners working together in an effort to facilitate the Astana peace process. Turkey hosts US Air Force assets based in Incirlik.