The former President of the Soviet Union, Mikhail Gorbachev issued the message: „War must be forbidden. Nuclear weapons must be banned,“ and said that he opposes the „cult of military violence“, and calls for dialogue.
I am urging veteran leaders and diplomats, scientists, experts, and the global civil society to state in the strongest and unequivocal terms: Nuclear weapons must be prohibited. Even more: War must be prohibited.
Of all the principles of international law, the principles of non-use of force in international relations and peaceful settlement of disputes must be considered paramount.
As long as nuclear weapons exist, there is a risk that they will be used, whether as a result of an accident, a technical fault, or an evil intent.
Thirty years after the disarmament summit in Reykjavik with US President Ronald Reagan, the former Secretary General of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU), Mikhail Gorbachev, draws a gloomy picture of the world situation.
The 85-year-old politician notes that the worst that has happened in recent years is the collapse of trust between the great powers. Talking about the examples of Yugoslavia, Iraq, Libya and Syria, he makes it clear that attempts at military solutions fail. They have not solved the conflicts. Instead, they eroded international agreements and laws, undermined confidence, and further militarized politics.
Gorbachev’s credo is that „the problems and conflicts of the last two decades could have been settled by peaceful, political and diplomatic means.“ In the case of Reykjavik, this attitude, when supported by a conviction and translated into political will, also yields results.
„Politicians who are promoting military violence , even if they describe war as a last resort „must be rejected by society.