Archive for Juni 24th, 2016

24. Juni 2016

Brexit: Der erste Austritt (German Foreign Policy)

Das gestrige Votum der britischen Bevölkerung für den EU-Austritt ihres Landes erschüttert die EU und die Pläne Berlins, den Staatenbund für die eigene Weltmachtpolitik zu nutzen. Laut aktuellem Stand haben sich bei einer Wahlbeteiligung von 72 Prozent annähernd 52 Prozent der britischen Wähler für den Abschied aus dem Bündnis ausgesprochen. Das Votum wiegt für Berlin nicht nur deshalb schwer, weil nun die zweitgrößte Volkswirtschaft nach Deutschland und eine herausragende militärische Macht die EU verlässt und damit für eine über das europäische Bündnis operierende Weltpolitik nicht mehr zur Verfügung steht. Darüber hinaus droht eine Kettenreaktion: Auch in anderen EU-Staaten wird die Forderung nach einem Referendum laut; die zunehmende Unbeliebtheit der EU in einer ganzen Reihe von Mitgliedsländern stärkt zentrifugale Kräfte. Die schwedische Außenministerin warnt explizit vor einem „Spill-over-Effekt“, der zum Beispiel zu einem schwedischen EU-Austritt führen könnte. In deutschen Medien wird die Forderung laut, das Referendum zu ignorieren und das britische Parlament für den Verbleib in der EU votieren zu lassen. Berlin leitet inzwischen erste Schritte ein, seine nationalen Positionen zu stärken – unabhängig von der EU.


24. Juni 2016

DRONES AND NEW TONES – Berlin Bulletin No. 112 – by Viktor Grossman

Berlin Bulletin No. 112, June 23 2016

Military drones, like drone bees, do no legitimate work. Unlike drone bees, they can sting – terribly and brutally. Allegedly only “terrorists” are targeted, in at least six countries. But those executed so bloodily are neither tried nor judged. And who are “terrorists”? They may be seen as patriots by their neighbors. Far too often they are village civilians, often women and children, especially traumatized by the circling, buzzing menace in the air above them.

The men doing the targeting are far and safe, mostly in the USA. But due to the earth’s curvature their commands to circle and fire must be relayed to a spot across the Atlantic, and the main spot is Ramstein Air Base, tucked away in an isolated corner of Germany near the French border. Many legal experts maintain that its presence defies German law.

On June 17th up to 5000 people came by bus, train, car, a few by bicycle, defying nasty weather to circle the base and demand its closing. This year the protesters, with signs, rainbow flags, a few drums and umbrellas had made good preparations, explaining to local inhabitants that they were not wild hippies on a joy ride but seriously concerned about world peace and Germany’s role in either saving it – or endangering it.  Many listened and agreed; some offered assistance.

A variety of peace groups organized the event which, in a local church, heard speeches by Oskar Lafontaine, LINKE (Left) party leader in nearby Saarland, from the Greens an expert on military-civilian conversion, even a Christian Democrat, a well-known maverick in his party, and speakers from the British Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament, the French Mouvement de la Paix, CODEPINK, and Ray McGovern, a CIA analyst for 27 years now active in the peace movement.  With the rain keeping some away, the “human chain” did not entirely circle the big base, but this three-day protest against drones was perhaps the largest yet, anywhere, and a pledge was made to keep getting bigger and louder.

Some German peace advocates disagree on whether to lambaste US military expansion primarily or to concentrate on “blood and iron” warriors in Germany, largely side-stepping the US role in world conflicts, even the drones. Logically, it would seem, the two cannot be separated; the USA is certainly the brawniest world power, with almost 800 military bases in over 70 countries and a military budget outweighing most other nations combined, including Russia and China. And with rare exceptions Germany has been a loyal, closely aligned junior partner, with President Joachim Gauck (soon to retire) and Defense Minister Ursula von der Leyen (not thinking of retiring, but perhaps of climbing upward) both just as eager for greater military strength in the world as some leading USA politicians (one quickly comes to mind, but to avoid reproach for meddling in the US elections I will refrain from mentioning her name).

Indeed, troops of Germany and the USA, plus a bundle from 22 other countries, 31,000 in all, rehearsed together very closely– and very closely to Russia – in Poland. The maneuvers, named strangely (or perhaps aptly) “Operation Anaconda” after that reptilian strangler of large prey, involved mass parachute jumps and tank-led river-crossings. They have been followed by yet another nicely-named exercise, Operation Saber Strike, now underway in the Baltic countries. An annual event, it is much larger this year, activating 10,000 troops from 13 countries.

Despite occasional pious disavowals, Polish president Andrzej Duda declared icily: “The aim of the exercise is clear, we are preparing for an attack.”  He must have meant this to be taken to mean a defense against an attack by Russia. Since Russia has made no threats or claims of any kind on Poland or the Baltic states, while the Polish government does little else than vilify Russia (when it is not abridging press rights, clipping judicial autonomy or forbidding abortions), such close military cooperation among NATO members, to be increased at their July summit – in Poland – can cause more than a shudder in today’s tense world. One might think of the look in some young tapir’s eyes when faced by an anaconda!

But hold on! There has been a surprising new twist! Is that snake, or a German coil of it, shedding its skin? Or, to change the awkward metaphor, is the iron staple binding German and American foreign policy showing signs of rusting?

Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier startled almost everyone by saying, in an interview: “The one thing we shouldn’t do now is inflame the situation with loud saber-rattling and warmongering.” Did one of his words purposely recall Operation Saber Strike?

“Anyone who thinks a symbolic tank parade on the alliance’s eastern border will bring security is wrong,” he warned. “We would be well advised not to provide a pretext to renew an old confrontation.”

Although in other sentences, printed a few days later, Steinmeier qualified his statement a bit, mentioning fears of Poland and the Baltic countries supposedly aroused by Putin’s actions in Crimea and the Ukraine, the vocabulary he used broke previous No-No taboos in NATO and official German circles. Sure enough, some righteous warriors in Merkel’s Christian Democratic Union, though linked in a coalition with Steinmeier, a Social Democrat, mounted an attack. Much of the media did the same.  The bitterly aggressive anti-Russian wing of the Greens also climbed aboard to slam Steinmeier and his call for “exchange and dialogue” instead of military activity. A common line of attack was: “What? Is he calling us war-mongers? How dare he?!”

The ever eager NATO secretary-general Jens Stoltenberg, also evoking fears of a threat which was never made, huffily tossed in more tinder:  “Let me be clear: there will be more NATO troops in Poland after the Warsaw Summit, to send a clear signal that an attack on Poland will be considered an attack on the whole Alliance.”

Why did Steinmeier dare to defy this official line? Has he seen the hopeful light of détente and disarmament? Vice-chancellor Sigmar Gabriel, his fellow Social Democrat, now plans a Moscow visit, certain to discuss European Union sanctions which hurt Russia but harshly shrink the earnings of countless German farmers who exported milk, fruit and vegetables to Russia and of manufacturers, like the auto makers, who wanted to sell and invest there. Was this a new pattern?

Maybe. The Social Democrats have watched their poll results drop to about 20%, a low point, and are desperately seeking ways to climb out of the slough.  Other polls show that, despite the media, over 70% of the Germans favor a better approach to Russia. Putting two and two together is not hard even for Social Democrats still enjoying Cabinet armchairs with all the perks, but seeing elections looming in 2017. Their Christian Democratic coalition partners are already hunting for new buddies. And, still well versed in arithmetic, SPD leaders can see that only with the Greens, now at 14%, and the LINKE (Left) party, at 9%, can they hope to forge a majority and keep those comfortable armchairs, the best ones, in fact. They have a long tradition of turning the wheel toward portside before elections. Is this part of that old mold?  (And here again overseas parallels come to mind.)

Regardless of their motives, everyone yearning for peaceful solutions can welcome this unexpected turn. But how should the LINKE party respond to moves which may slowly resemble flirtation, despite all previous taboos? Should it consider joining with Social Democrats and Greens in a sort of “united front“– also aimed against the far-right Alternative for Germany (AfD), now registering about 11% in the polls? How wary must it remain, knowing how smoothly both Social Democrats and Greens forget election promises on peaceful foreign policies and economic issues? How many principles would the LINKE have to dilute or abandon to win those treasured cabinet armchairs in a federal government? Attempts on a state basis have never once gone well!  The approaching city-state elections in Berlin in September may raise this question even sooner.

Certainly a requirement for a truly wise policy is to get people marching out on the streets, building strength and confidence. For issues close to their hearts they do just that: in five cities tens of thousands joined hands in a human chain to oppose racism and welcome the new refugees. Over 100,000 Berliners rode bicycles in a star-formation to the Brandenburg Gate to demand more and better bike paths. Far more showed up last year against the TTIP trade deal. Similar numbers, and more, are needed against drones and maneuvers like Anaconda and Sabre Strike (better Sabretooth?) and for decent jobs and pensions. In a few hours we shall learn the results of mass pressure in Britain (for better or worse), in a few weeks those of French workers and Spanish voters. And not a few Germans are watching with great interest and enthusiasm –maybe even taking ideas – from the courageous campaigns of Jeremy Corbyn and Bernie Sanders.

PS Looks like the “Remain ins” won the day in UK!


24. Juni 2016

Rede Erhard Epplers am Sowjetischen Ehrenmal – 75. Jahrestag des Überfalls Nazideutschlands auf die Sowjetunion

Was ich heute hier zu sagen habe, verantworte ich ganz allein. Ich rede für keine Partei, keinen Verein, keine Kirche. Ich rede als einer der Letzten der Flakhelfer-Generation, als einer, der das letzte Jahr des letzten Krieges noch als regulärer Soldat des Heeres überlebt hat.

Die ganze Rede kann man hier lesen:

24. Juni 2016

„Krim anerkennen“: Vorschlag des „Zeit“-Journalisten erschreckt und verärgert Kiew [Sputniknews]

Der Botschafter der Ukraine in Deutschland, Andrij Melnyk, hat den Artikel in der Zeitung „Die Zeit“, in dem der Autor Theo Sommer zur Anerkennung der Krim als Teil Russland aufruft, scharf verurteilt.
24. Juni 2016

Moscow demands legal guarantees US missile shield is not aimed against Russia

Guarantees that the US missile defense system is not directed against Russia are the only possible way of solving the missile defense problem

/TASS/. The Russian Foreign Ministry has demanded legal guarantees that  the United States‘ missile shield is not aimed against Russia.

„Guarantees that the US missile defense system is not directed against Russia are the only possible way of solving the missile defense problem,“ Russian Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova told a press briefing on Thursday. „If the US actions are indeed motivated by the desire to minimize the missile threats Washington is talking about, it is clear that such an agreement with the Russian side will in no way undermine the ability of the American side to defend itself from these threats and protect its allies and partners.“

According to Zakharova, Moscow is confident that mutually acceptable solutions can be found to missile defense issues that would take into account the interests of both Russia and the US. „Otherwise, we will have to take the necessary retaliatory steps, as noted by Russian President Vladimir Putin who was speaking at a meeting with representatives of international news agencies,“ she added.

She recalled that the essence of the guarantees is that Russia and the United States could jointly develop a set of military and technical criteria that will make it possible to determine the threshold beyond which boosting the capacity of the U.S. missile defense system would pose a threat to the efficiency of Russia’s strategic deterrence capabilities. „We would like to see Washington’s pledge that it has no intention of upsetting the existing strategic balance,“ she went on to say. „That is, in fact, we offered the U.S. administration to specify the statements that their actions in the missile defense system sphere are not directed against Russia doing this in the internationally accepted legal manner.“

24. Juni 2016

Moskau lädt türkischen Außenminister zum Sotschi-Treffen ein [Pars Today]

Russland hat nach Angaben der russischen Außenamtssprecherin den türkischen Außenminister zur Teilnahme am Außenministertreffen der Organisation der Schwarzmeer-Wirtschaftskooperation (SMWK) in Sotschi am 1. Juli eingeladen.
24. Juni 2016

Clinton’s email server ran without security software, new records reveal [RT]

Hillary Clinton’s private server was temporarily unprotected by security features in December 2010, when the then-secretary of state had technical problems with her email. In 2011, Clinton’s server was hacked multiple times, newly-disclosed papers show.

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