65 year of the World Peace Council

The WORLD PEACE COUNCIL ( WPC) is an anti-imperialist, democratic, independent and non-aligned international movement of mass action. It is an integral part of the world peace movement and acts in cooperation with other international and national movements. The WPC is the largest International Peace structure, based in more than 100 countries.

65 year of the World Peace Council

65 years ago, more precisely in 1949-50, emerged a worldwide structure committed to the defence of Peace, solidarity and cooperation among peoples: the World Peace Council. Emanating from organizations of resistance against Nazi-fascism, political parties, trade unions and social movements, and the concerted action of personalities of various nationalities and professions, political convictions and religious beliefs, the worldwide Peace movement found expression in dozens of countries from all continents. For the first time in history it was possible to build a broad front of struggle for Peace, disarmament and sovereignty, against war, fascism, colonialism and all types of oppression of the peoples.

It was within the scope of this movement that in March 1950, the Stockholm Appeal against nuclear weapons was launched, collecting many millions of signatures worldwide and was crucial in preventing the repetition of the horror of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. It was this movement which, from the outset, repudiated NATO and its warmongering and expansionist aims and challenged the wars waged against the peoples of Korea, Vietnam, Yugoslavia, Iraq, Afghanistan, Libya, among others. It was the World Peace Council and its national member organizations which, side by side with the peoples of the world fought for the celebration of international agreements aimed at disarmament, namely nuclear, and the détente of international relations and, in particular, contributed to the success of the Helsinki Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe, completed in 1975. It was the WPC that unreservedly supported the emancipation of the peoples of Asia and Africa from colonial rule, gave impetus to campaigns in favour of the peoples of Nicaragua, Cuba, Angola, South Africa, Palestine or Western Sahara and never faltered in its solidarity with the peoples victims of fascism.

Part of the history of this movement were prominent figures like the French physicists Frédéric and Irene Joliot-Curie, painter Pablo Picasso, poet Pablo Neruda, singer Paul Robeson or psychologist Henri Walon. Over the years millions devoted the best of their energies and capabilities to the Peace movement and the uplifting cause of building a more just and solidary world. The current generations of Peace defenders continue this path with the same determination and confidence.

Today, seven decades after the defeat of Nazi fascism in World War II and 65 years after the emergence of the worldwide Peace movement, serious threats hang over the peoples: the sources of aggression and war multiply, from the Middle East to Central Asia, from Eastern Europe to the Pacific, from Africa to Latin America; Western powers confront the Russian Federation and China, with unpredictable consequences; the race to increasingly more sophisticated and destructive weapons and military spending shows no signs of slowing down.

Under pretexts such as “defence of human rights”, the ‚fight against terrorism‘, “piracy”, “immigration” and “weapons of mass destruction“, they foment war, destabilization of States and promote fascist, neo-Nazi, terrorists forces. All this to achieve the real purpose that hides behind interferences and wars: the plunder of wealth and resources, the control of markets and sources of energy and raw materials, the domination of sensitive areas of the globe and to limit the growth of the so-called emerging powers. In several countries reappear securitarian trends that limit rights; however in other countries we witness processes of democratic and progressive advances.

It is in this specific context that the Portuguese Council for Peace and Cooperation intervenes today; it is in this specific situation that it is called to play an increasingly active, mobilizing and unifying role. We have in our favour the fact that the defence of Peace is in the interest of the peoples of the world, regardless of nationality, political convictions and religious beliefs, because it determines the welfare, progress, development, happiness and even the life of the planet. But we are also fully aware that wanting Peace is not enough; we have to defend it and act for it in a consistent, persistent and confident manner.

In view of the current threats and dangers it is more important than ever to mobilize wills and awaken energies in favour of Peace, respect for the sovereignty and independence of the States, the principles of the United Nations Charter and international law. Fight against war, demand the dissolution of NATO, general, simultaneous and controlled disarmament and the end of the arms race, raising our voice on behalf of people victims of aggression and interference, demand from the government – whichever it may be – a policy of peace, solidarity and cooperation with all peoples of the world.

Confident of the righteousness of its ideals and principles and to build a better future, the Portuguese Council for Peace and Cooperation (CPPC) reaffirms, with unwavering determination, its commitment to always act alongside all men and women who resist and intervene, at the national and international level, with the aspiration and conviction that it is possible to have a world of freedom, fairness, democracy, solidarity and Peace. With the same joy, conviction and determination shown by the founders of the Peace movement to which we belong, the CPPC today pursues its action, certain that war and oppression, no matter the strength of those who promote it, can be stopped and defeated.

CPPC Board of Directors